Mobile Milking machines

DAILY CHECKS, MAINTENANCE AND ALL ABOUT MILKING MACHINE

More farms are adopting milking machines due to for health and hygiene reasons.

Good milking techniques require that the cow remains comfortable and relaxed. This is a plus that farms who use milking machines have over hand-milking.

The effectiveness of a milking machine lies in its efficient functioning, cleaning and correct application and removal.

Photo/courtesy

CHECKING COMPONENTS

Proper management of milking machines requires that all the parts are understood well. Routine maintenance or cleaning of mechanical parts and rubber components form the basis of their being effective.

This calls for constant examination of the machine. Daily checks require that the air vents are inspected for blockages. Blocked vents eventually lead to slow or incomplete milking and makes the removal of clusters difficult. Carefully remove dirt but avoid using equipment that may enlarge teat holes.

The milk vacuum must be checked and listened to ensure all pulsators have regular and intermittent sounds. The milk entering the enclosed receiving churn should flow evenly.

The cow’s behaviour must be checked. Does she feel nervous or comfortable when teat cups are applied or removed? Try to feel for any swellings at the top, middle or end of the teats.

Search for cracking or sores made on the teat canals by the machine. Also check for completeness of the milking. Weekly checks mainly lie on examining the filters, pulsator airlines and liners.

Check for mouthpiece cracks, splits or distortion.

Additional regular checks require monitoring the teat cup slips from teats regardless of the udder conformation. More teat cup slips means incorrect mounting. Note the average time of milking; a milking machines adjusted correctly takes seven minutes, but this may vary depending on the amount of milk a cow produces.

A routine maintenance demands that teat cup liners be changed after every four to six months as recommended by manufactures. Since liners are the parts of the machine that get into direct contact with the cow during flexing and squeezing of the teat, they lose tension, absorb milk fat and hold bacteria with time.

The tension lost with time is sufficient enough to cause incomplete milking, expose the cow to increased teat end damage and spread bacteria.

EQUIPMENT CLEANING AND SANITISING

Cleaning ensures milk residue and dirt are removed from the equipment while sanitising removes bacteria from already cleaned surfaces. Both practices minimise bacterial contamination and spread in the machines. To clean, first detach the parts then remove all loose dirt and rinse the machine with warm water.

Follow by hot cleaning using a detergent to clear surface deposits, then rinse with cold water. Finally, apply a sanitiser, especially to surfaces that come into contact with the cow and allow to dry under shade with sufficient flow of air.

APPLICATION AND REMOVAL

First, clean and dry the teats of the cow before attaching any part of the machine. Dirty and wet teats increase the risk of mastitis infection and contaminate milk with bacteria. Then just before you mount the teat cups, check for mastitis.

Gently squeeze each teat for the first milk squirts and check against a strip cup for clots or abnormal milk colour. Ideally, teat disinfection before attaching the milking machine can be done to help reduce mastitis.

When the teats appear filled with milk, gently mount the teat cups. This appearance results from stimulation of milk let-down effect and is the best time to fix the machine. During milking, monitor for any air leakage through the teat cups.

Adjust the cups to hang over the claw correctly to arrest leakages. Less flow of milk into the collection churn is an indication of milk let-down coming to an end. At this time, cut the vacuum to the cluster to release the teat cup. Pulling off without cutting the vacuum is not advised as it encourages the damage of teats.

After completely detaching the machine from the animal, follow by hand-milking to ensure milking is completely done.

To conclude, be warned that cleaning these machines may not be easy and careless detaching of parts may cause damage. If not sure, always contact where you sourced the machine for help in maintenance and cleaning services.

With machines, there is little milk spillage, no environmental contamination and guaranteed cleanliness provided the equipment is thoroughly cleaned.

There is also less or no damage on teats. Sometimes use of hand milking can be painful depending on the milk man.

Long nails also cause cuts on teats. Milking machines make the cows feel more confident, calm and relaxed for free milk let-down.

Milking machines make dairy farming easy and enjoyable.

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Mobile Milking machines

Milking procedure while using a milking machine.

Preparation of the udder prior to milking is an important process in the harvest of high quality milk. The goal is to achieve a clean, dry udder that has been adequately stimulated for milk letdown, with dry teats and clean teat ends. A consistent procedure at each milking is important.

Photo /courtesy

The purpose of these steps is to elicit optimal milk letdown, minimize the chances of a cow contacting mastitis organism during milking and efficient milk removal.

Milker preparation

The hands of the person milking cows can become contaminated with mastitis causing pathogens, either from handling dirty equipment or from infected cows. Today most milkers wear disposable latex gloves. These are replaced periodically through the milking process.

Clean the teats.

The teats are prepared by thoroughly cleaning the teat and teat ends with some solution that removes dirt provides some sanitation to the teat skin. Many people use pre-milking germicide dip solution called per a per-dip.

This wets the teat, provides sufficient moisture to wipe off the teat and get it clean and sanitizes the teat skin. The act of massaging the teats while wipping them also off also is stimulating the oxytocin release that will cause milk ejection.

Dry the teats

Use a separate dry towel to wipe off and dry the teats properly. It is particularly important to get the entire teat and tip of the teat clean. When a pre-dip is used, wipping off the teat will remove most of the iodine solution resulting in negligible contamination of milk with the iodine.

Application of the milking machine

The milking machine should be applied within one minute of the initial wiping of the teats to take maximum advantage of the milk letdown response. The Milker holds the claw in hand, the vacuum is turned on and four teat cups are applied as efficiently as possible, with minimal sucking of air when teat cups are turn up to place on the teat ends. Milk should start flowing immediately. Adjust the machine so that it hangs straight down from the cow.

Machine on time

Maximum intramamary pressure caused by milk letdown occurs at about one minute after udder preparation begins and continues for about 5 minutes. Shortly after that, the milk flow will drop to a point where automatic take off will detach the milking machine. Most cows will milk out in 5 to 7 minutes.

Post milking teat germicide dipping.

The streak canal of the cow teats stays open for about an hour after milking. If a cow teats then come into contact with mastitis causing pathogens, they may easily enter the teat and cause infection. One of the most effective means of controlling mastitis is post milking teat dipping with a germicide. This protects the teats end for a period after milking, kills pathogens that may be on the teat skin and minimizes the potential passage of those pathogens from one cow to the other at the next miking.

Mobile Milking machines

Role of milking machine in modern dairy agribusiness. 

Milking managements is one of the most important and crucial activities in the milk production chain. The milking machine is unique in the sense that it is one of the few machines which comes in contact with farm animals on regular basis. It is therefore very important that these machines are correctly installed, maintained in excellent operating conditions, and used properly.

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Modern milking machines are capable of milking cows quickly and efficiently, without injuring the udder.

The working principle is to imitate the suckling of the calf.

The milking machine performs two basic functions.

  • It opens the streak canal through the use of a partial vacuum, allowing milk to flow out of the teat cistern through a line to a receiving bucket.
  • It massages the teat, which prevents congestion of blood and lymph in the teat.

The milking unit is is the portion which is responsible for removing milk from the cow udder. It is made up of the claw, 4 teat cups, teat shells, teat liners, long tube, long pulsation tube and a pulsator.

Milking machines work in a way that is different from hand milking or calf suckling. Continuous vacuum is applied inside the soft liner to massage milk from the teat by creating pressure difference across the teat canal. Vacuum also help keep the machine attached to the cow.

Milking machines keep the milk enclosed and safe from external contamination. The interior milk contact surfaces of the machine are kept clean by a manual or automated washing procedures implemented after milking is completed. Milk contact surfaces of the machine must comply with regulations requiring food-grade materials and are easily cleaned.

Most milking machines are powered by electricity but, in case of electrical failure, there can be an alternative means of motive power like a generator.

Mobile Milking machines

Mobile Milking Trolleys-Simple, Modern and Reliable. 

Welcome to Milkline world and to Milkline basic milking machines……… Just connect the plug and start milking.

With the basic milking trolleys your work will be easier and faster. They will enable you to milk up-to 32 cows, collecting the milk into 30 litres buckets, which are graduated and transparent in nature to allow you monitor production of each single cow.

Milkline basic milking trolleys will also enable you to produce high quality milk with maximum hygiene, assuring stress reduction in your herd.

It is possible to carry out very easily a daily washing of the components, which are in contact with the milk.

The vacuum pump with graphite vanes does not need lubrication, avoiding in this way working environmental pollution.

All the components are of high quality and are produced with the approval of Health responsible organization.

The sturdiness of frame and vacuum tank guarantees a long life of your investment.

The electric motor on the milking trolleys are of single phase type with power ratings of 0.75kw.

Mobile milking machine