Preparation of the udder prior to milking is an important process in the harvest of high quality milk. The goal is to achieve a clean, dry udder that has been adequately stimulated for milk letdown, with dry teats and clean teat ends. A consistent procedure at each milking is important.
The purpose of these steps is to elicit optimal milk letdown, minimize the chances of a cow contacting mastitis organism during milking and efficient milk removal.
The hands of the person milking cows can become contaminated with mastitis causing pathogens, either from handling dirty equipment or from infected cows. Today most milkers wear disposable latex gloves. These are replaced periodically through the milking process.
Clean the teats.
The teats are prepared by thoroughly cleaning the teat and teat ends with some solution that removes dirt provides some sanitation to the teat skin. Many people use pre-milking germicide dip solution called per a per-dip.
This wets the teat, provides sufficient moisture to wipe off the teat and get it clean and sanitizes the teat skin. The act of massaging the teats while wipping them also off also is stimulating the oxytocin release that will cause milk ejection.
Dry the teats
Use a separate dry towel to wipe off and dry the teats properly. It is particularly important to get the entire teat and tip of the teat clean. When a pre-dip is used, wipping off the teat will remove most of the iodine solution resulting in negligible contamination of milk with the iodine.
Application of the milking machine
The milking machine should be applied within one minute of the initial wiping of the teats to take maximum advantage of the milk letdown response. The Milker holds the claw in hand, the vacuum is turned on and four teat cups are applied as efficiently as possible, with minimal sucking of air when teat cups are turn up to place on the teat ends. Milk should start flowing immediately. Adjust the machine so that it hangs straight down from the cow.
Machine on time
Maximum intramamary pressure caused by milk letdown occurs at about one minute after udder preparation begins and continues for about 5 minutes. Shortly after that, the milk flow will drop to a point where automatic take off will detach the milking machine. Most cows will milk out in 5 to 7 minutes.
Post milking teat germicide dipping.
The streak canal of the cow teats stays open for about an hour after milking. If a cow teats then come into contact with mastitis causing pathogens, they may easily enter the teat and cause infection. One of the most effective means of controlling mastitis is post milking teat dipping with a germicide. This protects the teats end for a period after milking, kills pathogens that may be on the teat skin and minimizes the potential passage of those pathogens from one cow to the other at the next miking.
Milking managements is one of the most important and crucial activities in the milk production chain. The milking machine is unique in the sense that it is one of the few machines which comes in contact with farm animals on regular basis. It is therefore very important that these machines are correctly installed, maintained in excellent operating conditions, and used properly.
Modern milking machines are capable of milking cows quickly and efficiently, without injuring the udder.
The working principle is to imitate the suckling of the calf.
The milking machine performs two basic functions.
- It opens the streak canal through the use of a partial vacuum, allowing milk to flow out of the teat cistern through a line to a receiving bucket.
- It massages the teat, which prevents congestion of blood and lymph in the teat.
The milking unit is is the portion which is responsible for removing milk from the cow udder. It is made up of the claw, 4 teat cups, teat shells, teat liners, long tube, long pulsation tube and a pulsator.
Milking machines work in a way that is different from hand milking or calf suckling. Continuous vacuum is applied inside the soft liner to massage milk from the teat by creating pressure difference across the teat canal. Vacuum also help keep the machine attached to the cow.
Milking machines keep the milk enclosed and safe from external contamination. The interior milk contact surfaces of the machine are kept clean by a manual or automated washing procedures implemented after milking is completed. Milk contact surfaces of the machine must comply with regulations requiring food-grade materials and are easily cleaned.
Most milking machines are powered by electricity but, in case of electrical failure, there can be an alternative means of motive power like a generator.
Welcome to Milkline world and to Milkline basic milking machines……… Just connect the plug and start milking.
With the basic milking trolleys your work will be easier and faster. They will enable you to milk up-to 32 cows, collecting the milk into 30 litres buckets, which are graduated and transparent in nature to allow you monitor production of each single cow.
Milkline basic milking trolleys will also enable you to produce high quality milk with maximum hygiene, assuring stress reduction in your herd.
It is possible to carry out very easily a daily washing of the components, which are in contact with the milk.
The vacuum pump with graphite vanes does not need lubrication, avoiding in this way working environmental pollution.
All the components are of high quality and are produced with the approval of Health responsible organization.
The sturdiness of frame and vacuum tank guarantees a long life of your investment.
The electric motor on the milking trolleys are of single phase type with power ratings of 0.75kw.